Obesity is one of the most dangerous diseases that affect people, as it is caused by the accumulation of excessive amounts of fat and sugar in the body.
Body mass index (BMI) is a formula that computes an individual’s weight and height to determine their body size. Obesity in adults is characterized by a BMI of 30 or higher.
Obesity raises the risk of developing major conditions such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.
Obesity is widespread. According to the CDC, from 2017 to 2022, 42.4 percent of Americans aged 20 and over had obesity.
Obesity can develop over time if you consume more calories than you expend via regular exercise and everyday activities. These excess calories accumulate over time and lead to weight growth.
The following are typical particular causes of obesity:
- Pregnancy, as extra weight gained during pregnancy, may be challenging to remove and may result in obesity.
- Not getting enough sleep can result in hormonal changes that make you feel more peckish and make you prefer specific high-calorie meals as you age, which can reduce your muscle mass and slow down your metabolism, making it easier to acquire weight.
- Genetics may have an impact on how your body converts food into energy and stores fat.
Weight gain and obesity may also be caused by specific medical disorders. These consist of:
- a disorder known as a polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) results in an imbalance of female reproductive hormones
- A disorder known as hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) occurs when the thyroid gland fails to generate enough of a number of critical hormones.
- Osteoarthritis (OA) and other painful disorders can make it difficult to move around.
According to the American Medical Association, obesity is a disease in and of itself that requires both diagnosis and treatment. This is a result of symptoms that are typical of obese individuals.
Common Obesity Symptoms in Adults Adult obesity symptoms frequently include:
- Extra body fat, especially at the waist
- Breathing difficulty
- More perspiration than usual
- Sleep issues Skin issues brought on by moisture buildup in the folds
- Inability to carry out simple physical activities that were no problem before you gained weight
- Especially in the joints and back
- Mental health conditions include low self-esteem, depression, humiliation, and social isolation.
Medical assistance is available if you are obese and have tried unsuccessfully to lose weight on your own. Start with your family doctor, who might be able to recommend you to a weight expert nearby.
In order to help you lose weight, your doctor might wish to collaborate with you. A dietician, a therapist, or other medical personnel may be on that team.
Your doctor will assist you in making the necessary lifestyle adjustments. On occasion, they might also suggest drugs or weight-loss surgery. Find out more about obesity therapy.
How can you prevent obesity?
Over the past two decades, obesity and obesity-related disorders have dramatically increased. To help reverse the tide of obesity, localities, states, and the federal government is emphasizing healthier eating options and activities.
- By adopting a better lifestyle, you can personally prevent weight gain and obesity:
- Aim for 20 to 30 minutes each day of moderate exercises, such as walking, swimming, or biking.
- Choose healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein to improve your diet.
- Consume foods heavy in calories and fat in moderation.