The keto diet or diet is a system that provides many health benefits as it is low-carb and high in fat.
Many studies show that this diet is really effective in losing weight and improving your health. Because it has health benefits against Alzheimer’s, diabetes, cancer, and epilepsy.
What is a ketogenic diet?
The ketogenic diet is a diet that shares many similarities with the Atkins diet and the low-carb diet.
It entails significantly lowering your carbohydrate consumption and substituting fat for it. Your body enters a metabolic condition known as ketosis as a result of this reduction in carbs.
Your body becomes highly effective at burning fat for energy when this occurs. Additionally, it causes the liver to produce ketones from fat, which the brain can use as fuel.
Blood sugar and insulin levels can significantly decrease as a result of ketogenic diets. This has various health advantages in addition to the rise in ketones.
Different types of the keto diet
There are several different versions of the keto diet, including:
- Standard Ketogenic Diet (SKD): a low-carb, moderate-protein, high-fat diet. It is generally 70% fat, 20% protein, and only 10% carbohydrates.
- Cyclic Ketogenic Diet (CKD): This diet includes periods of high-carbohydrate refeeding, such as 5 ketogenic days followed by 2 high-carbohydrate days.
- The Targeted Ketogenic Diet (TKD) permits you to increase your carbohydrate intake during exercise.
- High Protein Ketogenic Diet: Similar to the standard ketogenic diet, but contains more protein. The ratio is often 60% fat, 35% protein, and 5% carbs.
However, only the standard high-protein ketogenic diets have been studied extensively. Cyclic or targeted ketogenic diets are more advanced methods and are primarily used by bodybuilders or athletes.
The information in this article applies primarily to the standard ketogenic diet (SKD), although many of the same principles also apply to other versions.
What is ketosis?
When the body is in ketosis, it switches from using carbohydrates as fuel to using fat as fuel.
It happens when you dramatically cut back on carbohydrates, which lowers the body’s ability to produce glucose (sugar), the primary fuel for cells.
The best strategy to start ketosis is to follow a ketogenic diet. Generally speaking, this entails keeping your daily carbohydrate intake between 20 and 50 grams and consuming fats like those found in meat, fish, eggs, nuts, and healthy oils.
It’s crucial to lower your protein intake. Protein can be converted to glucose if consumed in large amounts, which can slow your transition to ketosis.
Intermittent fasting can help you get into ketosis faster. There are many different forms of intermittent fasting, but the most common method is to limit food intake to about 8 hours per day and fast for the remaining 16 hours.
Blood, urine, and breath tests are available, which can help determine if you have ketosis by measuring the number of ketones your body produces.
Increased thirst, dry mouth, frequent urination, and decreased hunger or appetite are some signs that you may also be in ketosis.
Ketogenic diets can help you lose weight
The ketogenic diet is a successful method for shedding pounds and lowering illness risk factors.
In fact, research shows that the keto diet can be just as effective at losing weight as the low-fat diet.
Additionally, the diet is so satisfying that you can lose weight without keeping track of your food consumption or calculating calories.
A review of 13 studies found that a low-carbohydrate diet was somewhat more effective for long-term weight loss than a low-fat diet. People on the keto diet lost an average of 2 pounds (0.9 kg) more than the low-fat diet group.
Additionally, it decreased lipid and diastolic blood pressure readings.
Another study of 34 older adults found that those who followed a keto diet for 8 weeks lost nearly five times more total body fat than those who followed a low-fat diet.
Increased ketones, lower blood sugar, and improved insulin sensitivity may also play a major role.
The ketogenic diet for diabetes and pre-diabetes
Metabolic abnormalities, elevated blood sugar, and decreased insulin activity are the hallmarks of diabetes.
The excess fat that is strongly associated with type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, and metabolic syndrome can be lost with the use of a ketogenic diet.
An older study found that the ketogenic diet improved insulin sensitivity by 75%.
A small study of women with type 2 diabetes also found that following the keto diet for 90 days significantly reduced hemoglobin A1C levels, a measure of long-term blood sugar management.
Another study of 349 people with type 2 diabetes found that those who followed the keto diet lost an average of 26.2 pounds (11.9 kg) over a two-year period. Given the connection between type 2 diabetes and weight, this is an important benefit.
In addition, they also experienced improved blood sugar management and the use of certain blood sugar medications decreased among participants throughout the study period.
Other health benefits of the keto diet
The ketogenic diet was actually originally a tool for treating neurological conditions such as epilepsy.
Studies have now shown that the diet can have benefits for a variety of different health problems:
- heart disease; A ketogenic diet can help improve risk factors such as body fat, HDL (“good”) cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and blood sugar.
- cancer: Diet is currently being explored as an additional treatment for cancer, as it may help slow tumor growth.
- Alzheimer’s disease: The ketogenic diet may lessen Alzheimer’s disease symptoms and halt the disease’s progression.
- Epilepsy: Studies have indicated that a ketogenic diet can significantly lower seizure frequency in kids with epilepsy.
- Parkinson’s disease: One study suggested that nutrition reduced the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, while additional research is required.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome: A ketogenic diet can help reduce insulin levels, which can play a major role in PCOS.
- Brain injury: Some research suggests that diet can improve TBI outcomes.
However, keep in mind that much of this research is still in need of more testing.
Foods to avoid
You should limit the consumption of any food high in carbohydrates.
On a ketogenic diet, the following foods should be cut back on or eliminated:
- Sweet foods: sodas, fruit juices, smoothies, cakes, ice cream, candy, etc.
- Grains or starches: Wheat products, rice, pasta, cereals, etc.
- Fruits: all fruits, except for small amounts of berries such as strawberries
- legumes or beans, such as peas, beans, lentils, and chickpeas.
- Vegetables with roots and tubers, such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, carrots, and parsnips.
- Low-fat or diet products: low-fat mayonnaise, dressings, seasonings
- Some condiments or sauces: BBQ sauce, honey mustard, teriyaki sauce, ketchup, etc.
- Unhealthy fats: processed vegetable oils, mayonnaise, etc.
- Sugar-free diet foods: sugar-free candies, smoothies, sweets, etc.
food to eat
Your meals should primarily consist of these ingredients:
- Red meat, steak, ham, sausage, bacon, chicken, and turkey are among the meats.
- Fatty fish: salmon, trout, tuna, and mackerel
- Eggs: Whole eggs or omega-3 eggs
- Cream and butter: grass-fed butter and heavy cream
- Cheese: Natural cheeses including mozzarella, cheddar, blue, and goat
- Nuts and seeds such as almonds, walnuts, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, chia seeds, and others.
- Avocado oil and extra virgin olive oil are both good for you.
- Avocado: Whole avocado or fresh guacamole
- Low-carb vegetables: greens, tomatoes, onions, peppers, etc.
- Spices: salt, pepper, herbs, and spices.
The Dangers of the Keto Diet
Staying on the keto diet long-term can have negative implications, reputable sources include the following risks:
- Low blood protein levels
- Excess fat in the liver
- Kidney stones
- Micronutrient deficiencies
A type of medication called sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors for type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of diabetic ketoacidosis, a serious condition that increases the acidity of the blood. Anyone taking this medicine should avoid the keto diet.
Further exploration is being done to determine the long-term safety of the keto diet. Show your croaker your diet to help you make opinions.