Hip Dysplasia in Dog: Causes, consequences, treated
Dog dysplasia is a disease that most commonly affects large dogs. It is a malformation of the hip that can lead to arthrosis problems. It can occur throughout the dog’s life, which is why it is important to be well informed about this pathology.
All about hip dysplasia in dogs
This developmental abnormality most often affects the hip. It causes a deformity of the joint that occurs during the dog’s growth period. However, a puppy is not necessarily born with hip dysplasia. As the dog grows, the hip joint loosens and the head of the femur becomes deformed. This pathology leads to an important arthrosis degeneration. It is therefore advisable to treat your dog for osteoarthritis if he has dysplasia.
What causes dysplasia?
In most cases, hip dysplasia in dogs has a genetic origin. However, certain factors such as obesity of the puppy, rapid weight gain, or intense physical activity can favor the appearance of joint problems such as dysplasia.
On the other hand, dysplasia cannot be caused by environmental factors. These factors only favor the clinical expression of the disease in a genetically affected dog.
What are the short and long-term consequences?
The consequences of the disease are multiple. The disease leads to joint pain in the short term and to more serious problems over time. Indeed, the dog may have difficulty coordinating its hindquarters. He may also be reluctant to run or jump, have difficulty getting up and down, or have difficulty climbing stairs. Over time, he may begin to limp and have an abnormal gait.
Dog breeds prone to dysplasia
Some dog breeds are more at risk than others. Large dogs such as the German Shepherd, the Bernese Mountain Dog, the Labrador, the Rottweiler, or the Golden Retriever are breeds particularly affected by this problem. On the other hand, it is not impossible for a smaller dog to be affected by this problem. Dog breeds such as the English Bulldog, the Poodle, the Cocker Spaniel, or the Brittany Spaniel are often affected.
How can dysplasia in dogs be treated and cured?
It is possible to treat hip dysplasia with many medical solutions. The treatment is generally the same as for osteoarthritis problems. The dog’s weight is controlled and the veterinarian can prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs and dietary supplements to relieve the dog.
It is also possible to intervene surgically on the animal. The veterinarian may suggest a total hip replacement or a procedure called a triple osteotomy of the pelvis.