conjunctivitis in cats causes & treatment
Cat conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the inside of the eyelid, the surface of the eye, and part of the eyeball. It can affect either an or even both eyes. It is a disease that has many origins. Indeed, the causes are numerous (viral infection, presence of a foreign body).
What are the causes of conjunctivitis in his cat?
Conjunctivitis does not have only one cause. In fact, there are many causes:
- It can be caused by allergens (pollen allergy) and can be more or less severe by affecting only one or both eyes.
- It can also be a simple irritation due to dust.
A common viral cause is Coryza. It is a disease that causes respiratory problems and can cause viral conjunctivitis. It is transmitted from one animal to another and affects kittens and young cats in particular. Chlamydia is also a frequent cause.
The latter is rather aggressive and sometimes causes edema in the eye. However, conjunctivitis is usually not a serious disease. However, if left untreated, it can attack the entire eye and impair vision, starting with the surface of the eye.
Presence of a foreign body
The presence of a foreign object such as dust or an allergen can sometimes lead to conjunctivitis. Indeed, some cats suffer from pollen allergies which, if not treated promptly, can lead to diseases such as conjunctivitis. It is therefore important to treat allergies and clean the eyes of the most sensitive breeds of cats, such as the Persian, to prevent them from contracting this type of disease.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of conjunctivitis often vary depending on the cause of the disease. In all cases, your cat will have watery eyes that may be accompanied by eye discharge. If the discharge is yellow or even green in color, the infection has set in. There is, in fact, pue that has formed and prevents the animal from opening its eyelid properly.
If it’s an allergy or simple irritation, the discharge will be much lighter in color, which means there is no infection. Your cat may rub the eye regularly with his paw because dust or foreign matter may bother him. In addition, the eye may be red and swollen and the third eyelid may be visible.
What treatment for feline conjunctivitis?
Again, the treatment for conjunctivitis will vary depending on the cause. In general, an antibiotic eye ointment or collyrium should be used. If the disease is due to an allergy, then anti-inflammatory drugs should be given to prevent swelling of the eyelids.
In the case of infectious conjunctivitis, a bactericidal cream should be applied to neutralize the virus or bacteria causing the problem. Finally, in the most serious cases, the veterinarian will prescribe antibiotics in addition to the ointment. You can also use a cleansing solution (such as saline) prescribed by your veterinarian. By using a compress soaked with a little product you can clean your cat’s eye from the inside to the outside of the eye so as not to bring additional bacteria into the eye. With these treatments, the inflammation will decrease and your pet will be relieved because it will reduce the irritation and soothe it.